Control strategies for home gardeners

Suggested fruit fly control strategies

Here are five suggested fruit fly control strategies to choose from. Each strategy provides a combination of control methods that you can use to effectively minimise or prevent fruit fly damage to your crop and prevent more flies breeding.

Strategy Situation and suitability Methods
Exclusion
  • Low impact, organic approach
  • Damage-free crops produced
  • Low to high fruit fly pressure area
  • Near-by sources of infestations
  • Some physical work and diligence required
  • Small to medium crop (use netting if large crop)

Pruning

Exclusion

Sanitation

Cover spraying
  • High impact, chemical approach
  • Little, if any damage to crops
  • Low to high fruit fly pressure area
  • Nearby sources of infestations
  • Physical work and diligence required
  • Medium to large crop

Pruning

Cover spraying

Sanitation

Baiting
  • Low to medium impact
  • Some crop damage may occur
  • Low fruit fly pressure area
  • Nearby sources of infestations may compromise
  • Physical work and diligence required
  • Small to large crop

Pruning

Trapping

Baiting

Cover spraying (if required*)

Sanitation

Early harvest

Host removal
  • Low impact, organic approach
  • Low to high fruit fly pressure area
  • Nearby sources of infestation
  • Initial physical work required
  • More suited to home owners

Host plant removal

Alternative plants (optional)

Non-preferred hosts (optional)

Prevention
  • Low impact, organic approach
  • No fruit fly pressure
  • Nearby sources of infestations a possibility
  • Some physical work and diligence required

Pruning

Sanitation

Early harvest

Trapping (optional)

* Spray in addition to baiting if baiting alone is not noticeably reducing fruit fly damage

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